chemical reactions in the extraction and refining proces



Popular Searches

Chemistry of Petroleum 4: Treatment of Hydrocarbons ,
Chemistry of Petroleum 4: Treatment of Hydrocarbons ,

The Chemistry of Petroleum 4: Treatment of Hydrocarbons will help students explore the chemical treatment processes by which distilled petroleum fractions are converted to produce useful fuel oils This particular lesson is a continuation of lesson 3, which taken together complete the crude oil refining process

Know More
OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) | Section IV: Chapter 2 ,
OSHA Technical Manual (OTM) | Section IV: Chapter 2 ,

Treatment may involve chemical or physical separation such as dissolving, absorption, or precipitation using a variety and combination of processes including desalting, drying, hydrodesulfurizing, solvent refining, sweetening, solvent extraction, and solvent dewaxing

Know More
Separating the Platinum Group Metals by Liquid-Liquid ,
Separating the Platinum Group Metals by Liquid-Liquid ,

Metals by Liquid-Liquid Extraction , and this paper highlights some of the chemical and process principles that underlie this method of separation The platinum group metals platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium, osmium and , process The reaction mechanisms employed for the

Know More
Metallurgic Processes | Boundless Chemistry
Metallurgic Processes | Boundless Chemistry

Key Takeaways Key Points Metal ores are formed in the process of ore genesis, and they are extracted through mining Extractive metallurgy is the practice of removing valuable metals from an ore and refining the extracted raw metals into a purer form

Know More
The process of crude oil refining | EME 801:
The process of crude oil refining | EME 801:

The process of crude oil refining Print , The reforming process involves inducing chemical reactions under pressure to change the composition of the hydrocarbon chain The production of final petroleum products differs from refinery to refinery, but in general, the oil refineries in the US are engineered to produce as much gasoline as .

Know More
Processes of Metal Extraction and Refining
Processes of Metal Extraction and Refining

The criteria and limits of impurity removal by selective reactions The physical-chemical characteristics of processes taking place in the main stages of hydrometallurgical metal extraction (leaching, solution purification, metal

Know More
Alkali Refining - AOCS Lipid Library
Alkali Refining - AOCS Lipid Library

Alkali Refining 1 Introduction Two processes have been developed for the refining of edible oils and fats, ie physical and chemical refining; the decision which process to use depends on the types and qualities of the crude oil to be processed (Fig 1)The names physical and chemical refining come from the process technology used to remove the free fatty acids (FFA) that are responsible .

Know More
Palladium Extraction by Gravimetric Precipitation
Palladium Extraction by Gravimetric Precipitation

Jul 01, 2015· This metal refining process allows for many small particles of dental scrap to be refined, as the chemical reactions that occur within gravimetric precipitation encourage the particles to join together in a saturated solution

Know More
Extraction of Zinc | Application Of Zinc Refining Process
Extraction of Zinc | Application Of Zinc Refining Process

The reaction of the final step of extraction of zinc is \(2 ZnO + C ->2 Zn + CO^{2}\) Since, the boiling point of Zinc is way back at 1180 K, the zinc formed immediately vaporizes and distills over leaving behind non-volatile impurities such as Cadmium, Lead and Iron

Know More
A SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND DEWAXING - Chemical ,
A SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND DEWAXING - Chemical ,

A SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND DEWAXING 1Description Solvent treating is a widely used method of refining lubricating oils as , residual basestocks at any stage in the refining process There are several processes in use for solvent dewaxing, but all have the same general steps, which are: (1) mixing the , that assists a chemical reaction .

Know More
What are the chemical processes involved in turning crude ,
What are the chemical processes involved in turning crude ,

I'm going to assume that by "chemical processes" we're going to exclude things, like fractionation, that are purely physical processes that require no reactions to occur Oil refining technology, even that still running today, runs the gamut from.

Know More
Oil Refining - AOCS Lipid Library
Oil Refining - AOCS Lipid Library

Thus, extraction of good-quality seeds and the appropriate development of the different steps in the refining process to fulfill frying oil specifications are necessary This is the only guarantee for obtaining the best frying performance of the selected oil

Know More
UNIT PROCESS OF EXTRACTION MM-15052
UNIT PROCESS OF EXTRACTION MM-15052

UNIT PROCESS OF EXTRACTION MM-15052 4TH SEM B TECH DEPARTMENT OF METALLURGY AND MATERIAL , CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO CHEMICAL REACTIONS Oxidation: roasting, sintering, ld steelmaking , Extraction and refining carried at elevated temperature where physical

Know More
How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ,
How iron is made - material, manufacture, making, history ,

The Ore Extraction and Refining Process Before iron ore can be used in a blast furnace, it must be extracted from the ground and partially refined to remove most of the impuriti Leaning on his long tongs, this young iron puddler's helper posed for this photograph in the early 1860s, when the Sons of Vulcan was a young union

Know More
Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Processes
Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Processes

Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Processes Crude oil: composition, classification; , from petrol (or gasoline) and kerosene to asphalt and chemical reagents used to make plastics and pharmaceuticals Petroleum is used in manufacturing a wide variety of materials, and it is estimated that the , oil refineries are increasingly having to .

Know More
Zinc - Essential Chemical Industry
Zinc - Essential Chemical Industry

Zinc Zinc is often found in nature together with lead in sulfide or The metals are separated during refining As zinc is resistant to corrosion and easy to apply, much of ,

Know More
copper refining process - zorgvoorelkaar-oisterwijknl
copper refining process - zorgvoorelkaar-oisterwijknl

Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Or At this stage of the process, the chemical reactions begin , The electrolytic refining of copper produces the high quality, high.

Know More
Precious Metals Refining By Solvent Extraction - Halwachs
Precious Metals Refining By Solvent Extraction - Halwachs

In cases if solvent extraction is enabled by a chemical reaction (at the interphase of aqueous/organic or in one or both of the bulk phases) or if a prevailing chemical reaction is accelerating the basic physical mass tranfer, this process is called reactive extraction The item was first used and introduced into literature in 1981 by Werner .

Know More
University of Zagreb Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical ,
University of Zagreb Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical ,

Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Processes Production of Olefins – Steam Cracking of Hydrocarbons , basic process of petrochemical and organic chemical industry Schematic representation of the pyrolysis of hydrocarbons , are removed by solvent extraction and the residue is used as fuel, eg for petrol blending

Know More
4-15 Chemical Extraction - FRTR
4-15 Chemical Extraction - FRTR

Description: Figure 4-15 Typical Chemical Extraction Process Chemical extraction does not destroy wastes but is a means of separating hazardous contaminants from soils, sludges, and sediments, thereby reducing the volume of the hazardous waste that must be treated

Know More
Fundamental laws of chemical reactions and chemical equations
Fundamental laws of chemical reactions and chemical equations

In every chemical transformation, an equal quantity of matter exists before and after the reaction (Because he was a tax collector and nobleman, Lavoisier was branded a traitor during the French Revolution and beheaded in 1794)

Know More
Instrumentation: The Process of Refining Crude Oil
Instrumentation: The Process of Refining Crude Oil

The Process of Refining Crude Oil , solvent extraction, catalytic dewaxing, hydrocracking, and isohydromerization Different lubricating oils are classified as paraffinic, naphthenic, or aromatic , the chemical reaction is endothermic reaction and so ammonia is maintained in excess to shift the equilibrium towards urea formation Urea .

Know More
Chemical Metallurgy | ScienceDirect
Chemical Metallurgy | ScienceDirect

The final three chapters focus on the applications of the chemical principles to the extraction and refining of metals, metal melting and recycling, and metallic corrosion The book will be of value to materials students and teachers and scientists and engineers entering employment in the metallurgical and materials processing and metal .

Know More
Extractive Metallurgy | Introduction to Chemistry
Extractive Metallurgy | Introduction to Chemistry

Key Points Metal ores are formed in the process of ore genesis, and they are extracted through mining Extractive metallurgy is the practice of removing valuable metals from an ore and refining the extracted raw metals into a purer form

Know More
extraction of iron chemical reaction - Mineral Processing EPC
extraction of iron chemical reaction - Mineral Processing EPC

Glass Cylindrical Chemical Extraction Reaction Vessle with Reflux Unit Quotation More Design Of Bioreactor, Design Of Bioreactor Suppliers and , Chemical refining is the traditional method, where the free fatty acids of the particularly intensive mixing of oil and water, and no additional reaction time is necessary , china process .

Know More
Copper mining Chemical reactions - SchoolSciencecouk
Copper mining Chemical reactions - SchoolSciencecouk

At this stage of the process, the chemical reactions begin They convert the copper minerals into copper metal We can illustrate the types of process using the example of chalcopyrite - CuFeS 2From the formula, it is clear that iron and sulphur have to be removed in order to produce copper

Know More
extraction of iron chemical reaction - Mineral Processing EPC
extraction of iron chemical reaction - Mineral Processing EPC

Cottonseed Oil Cake Manufacturing Process,Oil Extraction Machine , glass and metal is taken out by sieving and Chemical refining is the traditional method, where the free fatty acids of the particularly intensive mixing of oil and water, and no additional reaction time is necessary , Glass Cylindrical Chemical Extraction Reaction .

Know More
silver smelting chemical reaction - mayukhportfoliocoin
silver smelting chemical reaction - mayukhportfoliocoin

silver smelting chemical reaction Smelting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , Teaching process of gold extraction how to refine gold easier to be , Recovering Silver, Refining Silver, silver extraction,and Silver mining , If a chemical reaction is stopped to fill Nitric acid added A metallic , 13 Smelting Gold

Know More
chemical reactions of lipids, oil extraction, and refining ,
chemical reactions of lipids, oil extraction, and refining ,

Start studying chemical reactions of lipids, oil extraction, and refining lipid rancidity Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Know More
OIL REFINING & PETROCHEMICALS | PRODUCTS | NAGAOKA CORPORATION
OIL REFINING & PETROCHEMICALS | PRODUCTS | NAGAOKA CORPORATION

What are “Internals”? Nagaoka Screen Internals are used in the heart of oil refining, petrochemical and chemical fertilizer complex Screen Internals are installed inside the reactor, playing an important role in chemical reaction, extraction and separation from oil and gas

Know More

You May Like:

ore crusher 100 kg - 国内版 bingsw_ddbk:after,sw_ddw:after,sw_ddgn:after,sw_poi:after,sw_poia:after,sw_play:after,sw_playa:after,sw_playd:after,sw_playp:after,sw_st:after,sw_sth:after,sw_ste:after,sw_st2:after,sw_plus:after,sw_tpcg:after,sw_tpcw:after,sw_tpcbk:after,sw_arwh:after,sb_pagn:after,sb_pagp:after,sw_up:after,sw_down:after,b_expandtoggle:after,sw_calc:after,sw_fbi:after,sw_twi:after,b_flogo:after,b_cm:after,sw_rmore:after,sw_tpo:after,sw_tpoa:after,sw_lpoi:after,sw_skp:after{position:relative;content:url(/sa/simg/sharedspritedesktoprewards_022118png)}sw_ddbk,sw_ddw,sw_ddgn,sw_poi,sw_poia,sw_play,sw_playa,sw_playd,sw_playp,sw_st,sw_sth,sw_ste,sw_st2,sw_plus,sw_tpcg,sw_tpcw,sw_tpcbk,sw_arwh,sb_pagn,sb_pagp,sw_up,sw_down,b_expandtoggle,sw_calc,sw_fbi,sw_twi,b_flogo,b_cm,sw_rmore,sw_tpo,sw_tpoa,sw_lpoi,sw_skp{position:relative;display:inline-block;overflow:hidden;direction:ltr}sw_tpcbk,sw_tpcg,b_expandtoggle,b_flogo{display:block}sw_play,sw_playa,sw_playd,sw_playp,sw_skp,sw_fbi,sw_twi{height:16px;width:16px}sw_play:after{top:-22px;left:-315px}sw_playa:after{top:-22px;left:-333px}sw_playd:after{top:-22px;left:-351px}sw_playp:after{top:-22px;left:-369px}sw_skp:after{left:-645px;top:-18px}sw_fbi:after{left:-297px;top:-22px}sw_twi:after{left:-645px}sw_st,sw_sth,sw_ste,sw_st2{height:12px;width:12px}sw_st:after{left:-535px;top:-31px}sw_st2:after{left:-563px;top:-31px}sw_sth:after{left:-577px;top:-31px}sw_ste:after{left:-549px;top:-31px}sw_arwh{height:11px;width:14px}a:hover sw_arwhb_invert:after{left:-463px;top:-32px}sw_arwh:after{left:-447px;top:-32px}sw_ddbk,sw_ddw,sw_ddgn{height:4px;width:7px}sw_ddbk:after,sw_ddw:after{left:-266px;top:-32px}sw_ddgn:after{left:-256px;top:-32px}sw_tpcg,sw_tpcw,sw_tpcbk{height:10px;width:10px}sw_tpcg:after,sw_tpcw:after,sw_tpcbk:after{left:-176px;top:-32px}sw_tpcg:hover:after,sw_tpcg:active:after,sw_tpcg:focus:after{left:-188px;top:-32px}sw_plus{height:8px;width:8px}sw_plus:after{left:-276px;top:-32px}sw_plus:hover:after,sw_plus:active:after,sw_plus:focus:after{left:-286px;top:-32px}sb_pagp,sb_pagn{height:30px;width:30px}sb_pagp:after{left:-233px}sb_pagp:hover:after,sb_pagp:active:after,sb_pagp:focus:after{left:-265px}sb_pagn:after{left:-169px}sb_pagn:hover:after,sb_pagn:active:after,sb_pagn:focus:after{left:-201px}sb_pagp_bp:after{left:-697px}sb_pagp_bp:hover:after,sb_pagp_bp:active:after,sb_pagp_bp:focus:after{left:-739px}sb_pagn_bp:after{left:-697px}sb_pagn_bp:hover:after,sb_pagn_bp:active:after,sb_pagn_bp:focus:after{left:-739px}sb_inactp:after,sb_inactp:hover:after{left:-781px}@media screen and (-ms-high-contrast:active){sb_pagn:after,sb_pagp:after{content:""}lib_pag asb_pagn,lib_pag asb_pagp{width:auto}lib_pag ab_roths{transform:rotate(0deg);-webkit-transform:rotate(0deg);-moz-transform:rotate(0deg);-ms-transform:rotate(0deg);-o-transform:rotate(0deg)}b_pag sw_next,b_pag sw_prev{display:block}}b_expandtoggle,sw_up,sw_down{height:8px;width:12px}b_expandtoggle:after,sw_up:after,sw_down:after{left:-228px;top:-32px}sw_up:after{left:-200px}*:hover>sw_up:after,*:active>sw_up:after,*:focus>sw_up:after{left:-214px}*:hover>sw_down:after,*:active>sw_down:after,*:focus>sw_down:after{left:-242px}b_icon,sw_poi,sw_poia{width:20px;height:20px;z-index:0}sw_poi:after,sw_poia:after{left:-297px;position:absolute;z-index:-1}sw_poia:after{left:-319px}b_flogo{height:16px;width:81px}b_flogo:after{left:-402px}b_cm{height:10px;width:12px}b_cm:after{left:-433px;top:-32px}sw_calc{height:19px;width:19px}sw_calc:after{left:-363px}sw_tpo,sw_tpoa,sw_rmore{height:12px;width:8px;display:block}sw_tpo:after,sw_tpoa:after{left:-131px;top:-25px}sw_rmore:after{left:-121px;top:-25px}sw_lpoi{height:16px;width:10px}sw_lpoi:after{left:-633px;top:-18px}html,body #b_results b_no{background-color:#fff}b_footer{background-color:#ececec}#b_results>li a{color:#001ba0}#b_results>li a:visited{color:#600090}#b_results>li{background-color:#fff}#b_results>b_ad a{color:#001ba0}#b_results>b_ad a:visited{color:#600090}#b_results>b_pag{background-color:transparent}#b_results>b_pag a:hover{background-color:#f4f4f4}#b_results>b_pag sb_pags_bp:hover{background-color:#fff}#b_results>b_pag asb_pagp:hover,#b_results>b_pag asb_pagn:hover{background-color:inherit}#b_context b_ans,#b_context #wpc_ag{background-color:#fff}#b_context>lib_ad{color:#666;background-color:#fff}#b_context>lib_ad a{color:#001ba0}#b_context>lib_ad a:visited{color:#600090}divb_dropdown b_selected{background:#e1e0df}#b_tween b_toggle:hover,#b_tween ftrh:hover{background:#f2f2f2}b_scroll{background:#999;border-color:#999}b_scroll:hover{background:#4d4d4d}b_dropdown{background-color:#fff;border-color:#e5e5e5}ctxt,select,input[type="text"]{color:#444;border-color:#ddd}ccal{border-color:#ddd}ccal:hover,ctxt:hover,select:hover,input[type="text"]:hover{box-shadow:0 1px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1);-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1)}ctxt:focus,select:focus,input[type="text"]:focus{color:#444;border-color:#919191;box-shadow:0 1px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1);-webkit-box-shadow:0 1px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1)}ccal input[type="text"],ccal input[type="text"]:hover,ccal input[type="text"]:focus{color:#444}label{color:#767676}#b_results ::placeholder{color:#767676;opacity:1}#b_results :-ms-input-placeholder{color:#767676}#b_results ::-webkit-input-placeholder{color:#767676}#b_results input[type="text"]:disabled{color:#ccc}a,#b_tween a:visited,#b_results b_no a{color:#001ba0}a:visited,#b_results>li a:visited{color:#600090}cite,#b_results citesb_crmb a,#b_results cite asb_metalink,#b_results b_adurl cite a,#bk_wr_container cite a{color:#006d21}b_postext{color:#006d21}b_negtext{color:#c80000}#b_context cite,#b_context cite a{color:#006d21}#b_context b_postext{color:#006d21}#b_context b_negtext{color:#c80000}b_ad cite,b_ad cite a{color:#006d21}#b_context b_entitytitle,#b_results b_entitytitle{color:#444}#b_context b_entitysubtitle,#b_results b_entitysubtitle{color:#767676}#b_context,#b_context #wpc_eif{color:#666}body,b_promotetext,#b_tween aftrh,#b_tween aftrh:hover,b_expando,b_expando h2,b_active a,b_active a:visited,b_active a:hover,#b_results>b_pag a,#b_results b_no,#b_content acbl:visited,#b_content acbl{color:#666}#b_results>b_pag sb_pags_bp{color:#111}b_top,b_top b_promotetext{color:#444}b_alert,b_palt{color:#d90026}#b_results b_alert,#b_results b_palt{color:#d90026}#b_context b_alert{color:#d90026}b_demotetext,b_secondarytext,b_attribution,b_factrow,b_focuslabel,b_footnote,b_ad b_adlabel,#b_tween b_dropdown a,b_expando b_submodule,b_expando b_suppmodule,b_algo b_vlist td{color:#767676}b_algo b_factrow{color:#666}b_footer,b_footer a,b_footer a:visited{color:#666}#b_content b_lowfocuslink a,#b_context b_secondarytext,#b_context b_attribution,#b_context b_factrow,#b_context b_footnote,#b_context b_ad b_adlabel,b_expando b_secondarytext,b_expando b_attribution,b_expando b_factrow,b_expando b_footnote{color:#767676}#b_context b_pointerb_mhdr:hover b_secondarytext{color:#36b}b_button:hover,b_button:visited,b_hlbutton,b_hlbutton:hover,b_hlbutton:visited,b_foregroundtext,ciot{color:#fff}b_caption,snippet{color:inherit}b_top b_caption{color:inherit}ciot{background-color:#000}b_button:hover,b_hlbutton{background-color:#0072c5}b_button:active,b_hlbutton:active{background-color:#333}b_hlbutton:hover{background-color:#006887}b_border,b_button,b_hlbutton{border-color:#ccc}b_pag a{border:3px solid transparent}b_pag asb_bp{border:0;border-bottom:3px solid transparent}b_pag sb_pags{border-color:#ededed}b_pag asb_pags_bp{border-color:#111}#b_context b_submodule,#b_results b_submodule{border-bottom:1px solid #ebebeb}#b_results b_submodule:last-child{border-bottom:0}c_tlbx{border-color:#999;background:#fff}sw_poi{color:#fff}sw_poia{color:#fff}#b_results>b_ad{color:#666;background-color:#f9fcf7}#b_results,#b_results b_defaulttext,#b_results>b_pag a:hover,#b_tween b_toggle:hover,#b_tween b_highlighted{color:#666}html,body,h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,p,img,ol,ul,li,form,table,tr,th,td{border:0;border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}html{overflow-y:scroll}#b_content{clear:both;min-height:344px;padding:13px 0 20px 100px}#b_pole{margin:3px 0 15px -100px;padding-left:120px}#b_context{margin:0 0 0 40px;padding:0 20px}#b_context b_ans,#b_context b_ad{margin:0 -20px}#b_context b_ans{padding:10px 20px 0}#b_context b_ad{padding:10px 20px}#b_results,#b_context{margin-top:28px}#b_tween~#b_results,#b_tween~#b_context,#b_tween~b_twocolonly #b_context,#b_pole~#b_results,#b_pole~#b_context,#b_pole~b_twocolonly #b_context,#b_results:only-child{margin-top:0}#b_results,#b_context,#b_tween>span,b_hlist>li,c_tlbxtrg,b_hpanel>span,ccal ccali,b_footerright,b_hpanel b_xltext,b_hpanel cico,b_morelink,b_label+b_hlist,lc_bks,lc_bkl,fiw,csrc,b_algo b_title h2,b_algo b_title div,h3{display:inline-block}b_pointer{cursor:pointer}label,b_ad b_adlabel,c_tlbxtrgicn{display:block}#b_tween{margin-top:0}b_undersearchbox~#b_tween{margin-top:-2px}#b_tween,#b_tween ftrh{height:30px}#b_tween>span{padding-right:25px}#b_results>li{padding:10px 20px;margin:0 0 2px}#b_results>b_ans{padding:12px 20px 0}#b_results>b_algo{padding:12px 20px 0}#b_results>li b_fullb{margin-left:-20px;margin-right:-20px}#b_results>b_ad{padding-right:18px;border-right:2px solid #e5e5e5}#b_results>li:first-child{padding-top:10px}#b_results>b_pag{padding:18px 0 40px 20px}sb_hbop,b_hide,ttl,#sw_tfbb,sw_next,sw_prev,#id_d,b_hidden img{display:none}b_hidden{visibility:hidden}#b_context b_ans{margin-bottom:5px}#b_context b_ad{margin-bottom:5px}b_inlinelist li,b_factrow li{display:inline}b_footerright,td,th,#b_context,b_hlist>li{vertical-align:top}b_footer{width:;padding:12px 0}c_tlbxtrg{width:15px;height:14px;margin:-1px 6px -3px 2px}c_tlbxtrgicn{margin:4px 0 2px 3px}c_tlbx{position:absolute;z-index:6;border:1px solid;padding:10px}b_deep ul{width:230px}#b_results b_gridlist ul{width:250px}b_gridlist ul:first-child,b_vlist2col ul:first-child{margin:0 20px 0 0}b_gridlist li,b_vlist2col li{padding:0 0 10px}b_vlist2colb_deep li{padding:0 0 10px}b_overhangr b_vlist2col ul:first-child{margin:0 15px 0 0}b_overhangr b_vlist2col ul{width:180px}b_deep p{height:33px}#b_context b_ad b_adlabel,sc_rf form,formsc_rf{margin-bottom:10px}b_ad li,#b_results b_ad b_adlabel{margin-bottom:8px}b_ad li:last-child{margin-bottom:0}b_ad li li,b_ad li li:last-child{margin:0}#b_results b_ad b_vlist2col,#b_results b_ad b_factrow,#b_results b_ad b_bcfactrow{margin-top:-6px}#b_results b_ad sb_adra b_vlist2col{padding-left:0}sx_ci{border:1px solid #e5e5e5;margin-top:3px;width:80px;height:60px}b_favicon{margin:0 5em 0 0}b_imagepair:after,b_vlist2col:after,b_gridlist:after{clear:left}b_imagepairreverse:after,b_overhangr:after{clear:right}b_clear,#b_results>li:after,b_clearfix:after{clear:both}#b_results>li:after,b_clearfix:after,b_imagepair:after,b_vlist2col:after,b_gridlist:after,b_overhangr:after{content:'';display:block;height:0;visibility:hidden}b_vlist2col ul,b_gridlist ul,b_float,b_footer,b_float_img,b_pag li,b_mhdr h2{float:left}b_floatr_img,b_floatr,wr_tc{float:right}b_overflow,b_hlist li,b_1linetrunc,b_deep p{overflow:hidden}b_creditedimg img,b_creditedimg cico{padding-bottom:1px}h4,sa_uc>b_vlist>li>table td,b_smbottom,#b_context b_ad h2,b_attribution,b_secondaryfocus,b_focustextlarge,b_focustextmedium,b_focustextsmall,b_focustextextrasmall,b_snippet{padding-bottom:2px}b_factrow{padding-bottom:2px}h2,b_focuslabel,label{padding-bottom:3px}b_vpanel b_vpanel>div,b_vlist b_vpanel>div{padding-bottom:5px}b_datalist li,b_mbottom{padding-bottom:5px}b_lbottom,#b_results #sp_recourseb_lbottom,b_caption,b_morelink,b_footnote,b_hlist>li,#b_context h2,#b_results b_submodule h2,#b_results b_ad b_factrow,#b_results b_ad b_bcfactrow,b_expando h2,b_no h1,b_no h4,b_no li,b_prominentfocuslabel,b_locstr,b_entitysubtitle{padding-bottom:10px}b_vpanel>div,b_vlist>li{padding-bottom:10px}b_vlist b_hlist>li,b_vpanel b_hlist>li,b_vlist b_float_img,b_creditedimg b_footnote,b_creditedimg cico img,#b_results>b_ad,b_suppmodule b_mhdr,b_vlist>li>tab-container,b_vpanel>div>tab-container,b_ad b_deep h3,#b_content b_float_img_nbp{padding-bottom:0}b_caption b_factrow:last-child,#b_results b_caption b_factrow:last-child,b_caption>b_datalist:last-child li:last-child,b_caption b_morelink:last-child,b_vlist b_morelink:last-child,b_vlist b_factrow:last-child,b_vpanel b_factrow:last-child,b_caption b_attribution:last-child,b_vlist b_attribution:last-child,b_hlist b_attribution:last-child,b_vpanel b_attribution:last-child,b_vlist>li>table:last-child tr:last-child td,b_vpanel>div>table:last-child tr:last-child td,b_vlist b_focuslabel:last-child,b_vpanel b_focuslabel:last-child,b_vlist b_secondaryfocus:last-child,b_vpanel b_secondaryfocus:last-child,b_vlist b_focustextextrasmall:last-child,b_vpanel b_focustextextrasmall:last-child,b_vlist b_focustextsmall:last-child,b_vpanel b_focustextsmall:last-child,b_vlist b_focustextmedium:last-child,b_vpanel b_focustextmedium:last-child,b_vlist b_focustextlarge:last-child,b_vpanel b_focustextlarge:last-child,b_vlist h4:last-child,b_vpanel h4:last-child,b_vpanel b_caption:last-child,b_vpanel b_vlist:last-child>li:last-child,b_vpanel b_footnote:last-child{padding-bottom:0}b_vlist b_vpanel,b_vpanel b_vpanel{margin-bottom:-5px}b_hlist b_vpanel{margin-bottom:-10px}b_mbmargin{margin-bottom:5px}#b_results b_no{margin:0 0 80px}b_rich{padding-top:3px}h2+b_rich{padding-top:2px}b_algo b_attribution img{vertical-align:text-bottom}b_lleft,b_floatr_img,b_suffix{padding-left:10px}wr_tc,b_xlleft,b_deep,#b_results b_ad b_vlist2col,#b_tween{padding-left:20px}h2 b_secondarytext{margin-left:5px}b_hlistb_imgstrip>li{padding-right:1px}fiw,lc_bkl,b_mright,b_label,csrc{padding-right:5px}b_lright,b_imgstrip imgdata,b_undersearchbox b_label{padding-right:10px}b_hpanel>span,b_hlist>li{padding-right:10px}b_xlright{padding-right:20px}b_hlistb_imgstrip>li:last-child,b_hlist>li:last-child,b_hpanel>span:last-child,td:last-child,th:last-child,#b_tween>span:last-child{padding-right:0}b_overhangr{margin-right:-30px;padding-right:150px}wr_tc{margin-right:-150px}b_tbl{margin-right:-10px}b_border,b_button,b_hlbutton,b_scroll,b_dropdown{border-width:1px;border-style:solid}b_button,b_hlbutton{line-height:30px;text-decoration:none;text-align:center;cursor:pointer;padding:0 15px;min-width:50px}lc_bks cbtn{margin-top:15px}#b_context b_submodule,#b_results b_submodule,b_expando b_submodule{padding-bottom:0;margin-bottom:10px}#b_results b_submodule:last-child{margin-bottom:0}b_dropdown{position:absolute;z-index:6}b_scroll{position:relative;top:0;width:5px;height:20px}b_pag a{display:block;min-width:34px;margin-right:10px;text-align:center;height:34px;line-height:34px}b_pag asb_bp{min-width:40px;margin-right:20px;height:37px;line-height:42px}b_pag b_widepag{margin-right:28px}b_pag asb_pagn,b_pag asb_pagp{min-width:0;height:30px;width:30px;border:0;margin-top:5px}b_pag asb_pagn_bp,b_pag asb_pagp_bp{height:40px;width:40px;margin-top:0}b_pag ab_roths{transform:rotate(180deg);-webkit-transform:rotate(180deg);-moz-transform:rotate(180deg);-ms-transform:rotate(180deg);-o-transform:rotate(180deg)}b_pag sw_prev,b_pag sw_next{margin:2px}b_mhdr{margin:-15px 0 -5px;padding:15px 0 5px}b_mhdr sw_up,b_mhdr sw_down{margin-top:10px}b_mhdr b_morelink,b_mhdr b_secondarytext{margin-top:8px}b_vpanel sc_rf form,b_suppmodule b_mhdr{margin-bottom:0}b_rtxt{text-align:right}b_ctxt{text-align:center}table{width:;word-wrap:break-word}td,th,b_float_img{padding:0 10px 10px 0}th{text-align:left}sw_poi,sw_poia{float:left;margin:-3px 5px 0 0;line-height:20px;text-align:center}ctxt,select,input[type="text"]{outline:none;padding:0 11px;height:30px;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;border-radius:2px}ctxtb_focustextmedium{padding:3px 11px 8px 11px;height:57px}ctxtb_outtextbox{border-top:4px solid #919191;padding:0 11px 8px 11px}ctxtb_outtextbox:focus{border-top-width:1px;padding-top:3px}select{padding:0 0 0 11px;height:32px}inputctxt,ccal input,ccal ccali,b_favicon,b_footnote cico{vertical-align:middle}ccal ctxt,ccal ctxt:hover,ccal ctxt:focus,ccal ccali{background:none;border:none;box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none}ccal{border-width:1px;border-style:solid}ccal ccali{height:30px}ccal ccalp{padding:5px 5px 0 5px}b_undersearchbox{margin:-7px 20px 14px}b_undersearchbox b_hlist>li{padding:0 8px 0 0}b_compactsearch label{float:left;margin:7px 10px 0 0}b_compactsearch input{margin-right:0;float:left}b_compactsearch cbtn{border-left:0}b_footer table{width:520px;margin:15px 20px 0 120px}#b_footeritems ul{display:block}#b_footeritems li{display:inline;float:left}#b_footeritems span{margin-right:24px;margin-left:48px;float:right}#b_footeritems a{margin-right:24px}#b_footeritems{height:24px;line-height:24px;padding:0 20px}b_footerright{margin:13px 0 0 50px}b_1linetrunc{text-overflow:ellipsis;white-space:nowrap}divcicob_capimg{padding-bottom:4px}#b_context b_entitysubtitle,#b_results b_entitytp b_entitysubtitle{margin-top:-9px}b_entitytp b_infocardtopr b_floatr_img,b_tinyinfocard b_floatr_img,b_smallinfofacts sml{padding-bottom:10px}b_vmparent{display:-ms-flexbox;display:-webkit-flex;display:flexbox;display:-webkit-box;display:flex;align-items:center}b_relative{position:relative}input,textarea,h4,h5{font:inherit;font-size:}body,b_no h4,h2 b_secondarytext,h2 b_alert{font:13px/normal arial,helvetica}h1,h2,h3{font:13px/12em 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}h2{font-size:20px;line-height:24px}h3,b_no h1{font-size:18px}cite{font-style:normal}sb_alert a{font-style:italic}#b_content,#b_context,b_expando{line-height:12em}cite,#b_context,b_expando,#vidans2{word-wrap:break-word}#sa_ul li,nowrap{white-space:nowrap}b_footer{line-height:18px}b_smtext,b_footnote,ciot{font-family:arial,helvetica;font-size:11px;line-height:normal}b_ad b_adlabel,b_ad b_adlabel strong{font:12px/normal arial,helvetica}b_mtext{font:16px/22px 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}b_focuslabel,b_secondaryfocus,b_focustextextrasmall{font:18px/12em 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}b_focustextextrasmall{line-height:13em}b_entitytitle,b_prominentfocuslabel,b_xltext{font-size:24px;font-family:'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif;line-height:12em}b_entitytitle{line-height:normal}b_entitysubtitle{font:14px/12em 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}b_focustextsmall,b_focustextmedium,b_focustextlarge{font:200 32px/12em 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}b_focustextmedium{font-size:40px}b_focustextlarge{font-size:60px}strong,b_active a,b_no h4,b_strong,b_ad b_adlabel strong,cbl{font-weight:700}th,h2 strong,h3 strong{font-weight:normal}#b_tween{font-size:12px}#b_tween>span,#b_tween ftrh{line-height:30px}sb_count{text-transform:capitalize}a,b_algoheader a:hover,b_topbar a:hover,b_pag a:hover,cbtn:hover,cbtn a:hover,b_hlbutton:hover,ftrb a:hover,b_algo:hover b_vlist h2 a,b_algo:first-child:hover b_vlist h2 a,#b_results>b_ans:hover ent_cnt h2>a,#b_results>b_ans:hover #sp_requery h2>a,#b_results>b_ans b_rich>b_vlist>li:hover h5b_lbmargin>a{text-decoration:none}a:hover,b_algoheader a h2:hover,b_algo:first-child:hover h2 a,b_algo b_underline a,sb_add b_underline a,#b_results>b_ad li:first-child sb_adta:hover h2 a{text-decoration:underline}#b_results>lib_ansb_topborder{padding:15px 19px 10px 19px;margin-bottom:12px}#b_results b_ans~b_topborder{margin-top:10px}#b_results b_ad~b_ansb_topborder{margin-top:12px}#b_results>lib_ansb_topborderb_tophb{border:1px solid #ddd;box-shadow:none;padding:0}#b_results>lib_ansb_topborder,#b_results>lib_ansb_topborderb_tophbb_topshad{box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,05),0 2px 3px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1);border:none}b_tophb b_tophbh{padding:15px 19px 16px 19px}b_tophb b_tophbb{border-top:1px solid #ddd;padding:15px 19px 19px 19px}b_topshad b_tophbb{padding-bottom:10px}b_tophb b_tophbbbgbtopnone{border-top:none}b_tophb bgtopwh{background-color:#fff}b_tophb bgtopgr{background-color:#f9f9f9}#b_results>b_ad+b_top{margin-top:0}b_top b_attribution+b_rich,b_top b_factrow+b_rich{padding-top:8px}b_top b_toptitle+b_rich{padding-top:12px}b_theader,b_demotetext,b_secondarytext,b_attribution,b_factrow,b_focuslabel,b_footnote,b_ad b_adlabel,#b_tween b_dropdown a,b_expando b_submodule,b_expando b_suppmodule,b_algo b_vlist td,#b_content b_lowfocuslink a,#b_context b_secondarytext,#b_context b_attribution,#b_context b_factrow,#b_context b_footnote,#b_context b_ad b_adlabel,b_expando b_secondarytext,b_expando b_attribution,b_expando b_factrow,b_expando b_footnote{color:#767676}b_ad b_secondarytext{color:#767676}#b_context b_mhdr:hover b_secondarytext,b_expando b_mhdr:hover b_secondarytext{color:#001ba0}h2b_toptitle{font-size:24px;line-height:12em}#b_results>b_top b_prominentfocuslabel,#b_results>b_top b_toptitle,#b_results>b_top b_focustextextrasmall,#b_results>b_top b_focustextextrasmall a,#b_results>b_top b_focustextsmall,#b_results>b_top b_focustextsmall a,#b_results>b_top b_focustextmedium,#b_results>b_top b_focustextmedium a,#b_results>b_top b_focustextlarge,#b_results>b_top b_focustextlarge a{color:#111}spanb_negtextb_focustextextrasmall{color:#c80000 !important}spanb_postextb_focustextextrasmall{color:#006d21 !important}b_top b_focustextextrasmall a,b_top b_focustextsmall a,b_top b_focustextmedium a,b_top b_focustextlarge a{text-decoration:none}#b_results>b_top:hover b_focustextextrasmall a,#b_results>b_top:hover b_focustextsmall a,#b_results>b_top:hover b_focustextmedium a,#b_results>b_top:hover b_focustextlarge a{color:#001ba0}#b_results>b_top b_focustextextrasmall a:hover,#b_results>b_top b_focustextsmall a:hover,#b_results>b_top b_focustextmedium a:hover,#b_results>b_top b_focustextlarge a:hover{text-decoration:underline}fc_cal_holder table{font-size:11px}body fc_cal_holder{border:1px solid #0072c5}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_disabled{color:#767676}body fc_cal_holder a:link,body fc_cal_holder a:visited{color:#666}body fc_cal_holder td,body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_disabled,body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_days td{width:20px;line-height:20px;padding:0 10px 10px 0}fc_cal_holder tr td:first-child{padding-left:10px}fc_cal_holder tr:last-child td{padding-bottom:15px}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_days td{line-height:15px;color:#767676;background-color:#fff}body fc_cal_holder a{padding:0}body fc_cal_holder td a:hover,body fc_cal_holder td a:active,body fc_cal_holder tdfc_cal_current a:hover,body fc_cal_holder tdfc_cal_current a:active{background-color:#eee;color:#666}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_monthholder+fc_cal_monthholder{border-left:1px solid #bfdcf0}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_monthholder{background-color:#fff;border:0;padding:15px 15px 10em 15px}body fc_cal_holder th div{background-color:#fff;border:0;padding:0 0 15px;color:#666;text-align:center;font-size:13px}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_current a{background-color:#001ba0}body fc_cal_monthdecfc_cal_monthchange,body fc_cal_monthincfc_cal_monthchange{background:url(/sa/simg/navchevrons_toprefreshpng) no-repeat;width:8px;height:12px;background-position:0 -110px;font-size:0}body fc_cal_monthdecfc_cal_monthchange{background-position:0 -44px}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_month_first fc_cal_monthdec{margin:1px 0 0 15px}body fc_cal_holder fc_cal_month_last fc_cal_monthinc{margin:1px 15px 0 0}strong{color:#c00;font-weight:normal}sa_as lipp_tile strong{color:#444;font-weight:700}cite strong{font-weight:700}b_attribution,cite strong{color:#006d21}#b_results p{word-wrap:break-word}b_algo b_attribution c_tlbx,#b_context b_ans h2{color:#767676}b_hpanel>span{vertical-align:middle}b_deep h3,b_ans h5,b_attribution,b_vlist>li,b_hlist>li,b_caption,b_morelink,b_xltext{padding-bottom:3px}b_factrow{padding-bottom:3px}b_vpanel{margin-bottom:-10px}#b_results>b_pag{padding-bottom:10px}b_ans b_imagepair>inner{padding-top:1px;padding-bottom:7px}#b_results b_imagepairsquare_mi{padding-left:21px}#b_results b_imagepairsquare_mi>inner{margin-top:5px;margin-left:-21px}#dict_ans b_imagepairsquare_mi>inner{margin-top:2px}knwp:hover knbx{display:block}knwp knic{padding-top:2px}knbxc_tlbx img,b_ans b_title h2,b_ans b_title div{display:inline-block}b_hlist image_wrapper>cico{position:static;padding-bottom:0}fiw{padding-right:0;padding-bottom:0}fiw>select{vertical-align:middle;line-height:26px}b_ans b_rs>h2{padding-bottom:7px}#b_context b_ad h2,b_ad h2,b_ad b_attribution,b_ans b_caption,b_vpanel b_lbottom{padding-bottom:0}b_ad b_adlabel{font-size:13px}#b_context b_ad b_adlabel{margin-bottom:8px}b_ad b_caption{padding-bottom:10px}b_hlist b_vpanel,b_ad li{margin-bottom:0}#b_results b_ad b_vlist2col,#b_results b_ad b_factrow{margin-top:-10px}b_vlist2col{overflow:hidden}b_vlist2col ul:first-child{margin:0 40px 0 0}b_rs b_vlist2col li,#b_context b_ans b_vlist li{padding:0 0 6px}#sp_requery b_palt{color:#666}b_safe{color:#008000}cipt,cipl,ciptr,ciplr{vertical-align:text-top}b_suffix divnc_os{background-color:#2196ff;color:#fff;padding:0 3px}b_undersearchbox{margin:13px 20px 14px}b_undersearchbox~#b_tween{margin-top:-22px}ghosttext{color:#777}b_hxltext{font-size:18px;line-height:23px;padding-bottom:3px;color:#c00}cf_space{padding:3px 0 7px 0}#b_tween ftrb{margin-left:-14px}nobr{white-space:inherit}b_vlist>li{word-wrap:break-word}b_hlist sml img{display:inherit}bm_component b_hlist>li>sml{line-height:0}bm_component b_hlist cico{padding-bottom:0}#b_context b_ans h2{font-size:16px;color:#666;line-height:22px}b_xltext{font-size:24px;line-height:30px}h3{font-family:arial,helvetica}b_deep h3{font-size:16px;line-height:21px}#b_content,#b_context,b_expando{line-height:18px}b_ad li,#b_context>b_ad>ul>li{margin-bottom:7px}#b_context b_entitytp{padding:9px 19px 4px 19px;margin:-10px -20px -6px -20px;width:;box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,05),0 2px 3px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1)}overlay-container b_entitytp{padding:10px 20px 5px 20px}#b_context b_ans:not(:first-child)>b_entitytp{margin-top:-16px}#b_context b_ad:not(:last-child){padding-bottom:15px;border-bottom:1px solid #ebebeb}b_expando b_ans{padding-bottom:15px;border-bottom:1px solid #ebebeb}#b_context b_ans:not(:last-child){padding-bottom:5px;border-bottom:1px solid #ebebeb}z{a:1}sw_meic:after,sw_spd:after,sw_pref:after,idp_ham:after,idp_wlid:after,idp_tw:after{position:relative;content:url(/sa/simg/sharedspritedesktoprewards_022118png)}sw_meic,sw_spd,idp_ham,idp_wlid,idp_tw{position:relative;overflow:hidden;direction:ltr}idp_ham{height:14px;width:20px;top:1px}idp_ham:after{left:-99px;top:0}idp_ham:hover:after,idp_ham:active:after,idp_ham:focus:after{top:-16px}idp_wlid,idp_tw,sw_meic{height:16px;width:16px}idp_wlid:after{left:-384px}idp_tw:after{left:-645px}sw_meic:after{left:-29px;top:0}sw_spd:after{left:-663px}b_searchboxform,sa_as{background-color:#fff}b_searchboxform b_searchboxsubmit{background-color:#fff;border-color:#fff}b_scopebar,b_scopebar a,b_scopebar a:visited,id_button,id_button:visited{color:#444}b_scopebar b_active a,b_scopebar a:hover,id_button:hover{color:#444}b_idopen a#id_l,a#id_rhopenfo{color:#333;background-color:#fff}#bepfo,#id_d{color:#333;background-color:#fff}wpc_bub a{color:#001ba0}#sw_as{color:#444}sa_tm strong{color:#444}sa_hv{background:#f5f5f5}sa_hd{color:#444}#b_header{padding:14px 0 0 0;margin:0 0 0 0;background-color:#fff;position:initial;z-index:initial;width:inherit}#b_header #sb_form,b_logoarea,b_logo,b_searchboxform,id_button,id_avatar,idp_ham,b_scopebar li,b_scopebar a{display:inline-block}#b_header #sb_form{margin-right:10px}b_logoarea{text-align:right;width:86px;height:40px;margin:0 14px 0 0;vertical-align:top}b_logo{text-indent:-999px;text-align:left;margin-top:2px;vertical-align:top}b_searchbox{width:490px;margin:5px 0 1px 20px;padding:0 10px 0 0;border:0;max-height:30px;outline:none;box-sizing:content-box;height:35px;vertical-align:top}#b_header b_searchboxb_softkey{width:435px}b_searchboxsubmit{height:20px;width:20px;text-indent:-99em;border-width:0;border-style:solid;margin:10px;background-position:-121px 0}#sw_as{width:auto;position:relative;z-index:6}sa_as{position:absolute;width:;display:none}#sa_ul divsa_tm,#sa_ul sa_hd{margin-left:20px}#sw_as #sa_ul lipp_tile{padding-left:20px}sa_hd{padding-top:5px}b_searchboxsubmit,sa_sg{cursor:pointer}z{a:1}b_searchboxform{box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,1),0 2px 4px 0 rgba(0,0,0,16)}b_idopen #id_d,b_focus b_searchboxform,b_searchboxform:hover,#bepfo,#id_hbfoslide_down,#sw_as #sa_ul:not(:empty){box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,1),0 2px 4px 1px rgba(0,0,0,18)}z{a:1}#id_h{display:block;position:relative;float:right;text-align:right;margin:-4px 40px 0 0;line-height:50px;right:initial;top:initial}id_button{margin:0 8px}#id_l{vertical-align:top}#id_rh{padding:0 8px 0 16px}sw_spd{vertical-align:top;margin-left:8px;height:32px;width:32px;border-radius:16px;top:9px}sw_meic{vertical-align:top;margin:16px 0 0 16px}#bepfo,#bepfm,#bepfl{width:320px}#bepfm{display:block}#bepfl{text-align:center;margin:50px 0}#bepfo{position:absolute;right:0;z-index:6;text-align:left}idp_ham{margin:0 20px 0 16px;height:14px;width:20px}b_scopebar{padding:0;margin:25px 0 0 100px;border-bottom:1px solid #ddd}#b_header{border-bottom:none}blue2#miniheader b_scopebar ul{height:33px;overflow-y:hidden}b_scopebar ul{height:39px;overflow-y:hidden}b_scopebar li{padding:3px 12px;margin:0;line-height:25px}b_scopebar a{padding:0 8px}b_scopebar b_active{border-bottom:3px solid #de3700}#b_header b_topbar,#b_header b_scopebar{background:none;margin-bottom:0;overflow-y:inherit}b_scopehide>b_active{visibility:visible}b_scopehide>li{visibility:hidden}b_logo{font-family:arial,helvetica}a,#b_header a,#b_header a:hover,b_toggle,b_toggle:hover{text-decoration:none}sa_hv{text-decoration:underline}input{font:inherit;font-size:}b_searchboxform{font:18px/normal 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}b_searchbox{font-size:16px}id_button{line-height:50px}b_scopebar b_active a{font-weight:700}b_scopebar,b_scopebar li,sa_tm{line-height:30px}b_scopebar li{vertical-align:top}#sa_ul,pp_title{font:16px/normal 'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}#sa_ul sa_hd{color:#444;font:11px/16px 'segoe ui','arial','helvetica','sans-serif';cursor:default;text-transform:uppercase;font-weight:bold}#sw_as strong{font-weight:bold}z{a:1}#b_header b_searchbox{margin-right:11px}#sa_ul,pp_title{font-family:'segoe ui',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}#sb_form b_searchbox{line-height:30px}#sb_form b_searchboxform,#sb_form sa_as,#sb_form #sw_as lipp_tile{border-color:#eee}z{a:1}z{a:1}b_searchbox{ width: 578px;}#est_switch{position:relative;margin-bottom:0;margin-left:99px;z-index:1;width:200px}#est_cn,#est_en{position:relative;display:inline-block;height:25px;line-height:25px;font-size:14px;text-align:center;padding:0 11px 0 12px;color:#444;font-family:'microsoft yahei',arial,helvetica,sans-serif}#est_cn{margin-right:4px}#est_cn::before,#est_en::before{content:'';position:absolute;bottom:-2px;left:1px;height:3px;width:70px;z-index:-1}#est_cn::after,#est_en::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:4px;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:-1;-webkit-transform:scale(11,13) perspective(5em) rotatex(19deg);-moz-transform:scale(11,13) perspective(5em) rotatex(19deg);-ms-transform:scale(11,13) perspective(5em) rotatex(19deg);-o-transform:scale(11,13) perspective(5em) rotatex(19deg);transform:scale(11,13) perspective(5em) rotatex(19deg);-webkit-transform-origin:bottom left;-moz-transform-origin:bottom left;-ms-transform-origin:bottom left;-o-transform-origin:bottom left;transform-origin:bottom left}#est_switch est_selected{z-index:1}#est_switch est_selected::before{background:#fff}#est_switch est_selected::after{background-color:#fff;border:1px solid rgba(0,0,0,14);border-bottom:none}#est_switch est_unselected{color:#666;cursor:pointer}#est_switch est_unselected::after{bottom:05em;background-color:#ececec;border:1px solid #ececec}#est_switch est_unselected:hover{opacity:8}#sb_form{position:relative}#b_header b_searchboxform:before{display:inline-block;height:25px;width:5px;margin-left:-5px;content:"";top:-24px;position:absolute;background-color:#fff;background:-webkit-gradient(linear,left top,right top,color-stop(57%,transparent),color-stop(,rgba(0,0,0,13)));background:-webkit-linear-gradient(left,transparent 57%,rgba(0,0,0,13) );background:-moz-linear-gradient(to right,transparent 57%,rgba(0,0,0,13) );background:-o-linear-gradient(to right,transparent 57%,rgba(0,0,0,13) );background:linear-gradient(to right,transparent 57%,rgba(0,0,0,13) )}#b_header b_searchboxform:hover:before{background:-webkit-gradient(linear,left top,right top,color-stop(30%,transparent),color-stop(,rgba(0,0,0,15)));background:-webkit-linear-gradient(left,transparent 30%,rgba(0,0,0,15) );background:-moz-linear-gradient(to right,transparent 30%,rgba(0,0,0,15) );background:-o-linear-gradient(to right,transparent 30%,rgba(0,0,0,15) );background:linear-gradient(to right,transparent 30%,rgba(0,0,0,15) )}b_logo{display:inline-block;width:28px;height:36px;text-indent:0;overflow:hidden;direction:ltr}b_logo div{text-indent:-999px}b_logo{background:none}b_logo:after{content:none}b_searchboxsubmit{background-image:url(/sa/simg/sharedspritedesktoprewards_022118png);background-repeat:no-repeat}blue2#miniheader #sb_form_go{height:32px;width:32px;background-position:-76px 0;border-width:5px 6px 4px 5px;margin:3px 4px 4px}blue2#miniheader b_searchboxform b_searchboxsubmit{background-color:#fff;border-color:#fff}z{a:1}#b_context, b_contextwidth { width:256px; } b_polecontent { width:964px; } #b_header { width: 1084px; } #id_h { margin-right: 0; margin-left: 0; } body { min-width: 1089px; }#b_results{ width: 648px;}国内版国际版登录网页图片视频学术词典地图tipcontainer,tipcontainer-hovertrans{border:1px solid #b4ddea;background-color:#f7faff;margin-bottom:5px;line-height:18px;width:auto;display:inline-block;padding:10px 10px 10px 15px}tipcontainer{cursor:pointer}tipcontainer-hovertrans{display:none}#tiptitle{text-align:left;margin-right:3px;color:#2996b0;white-space:pre;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle}envtiptitle{font-size:12px}bottomtipcontainer{display:inline-block;padding:11px 14px;font-size:12px;border:1px solid #dadeff;background-color:#f7faff;line-height:18px;cursor:pointer}bottomtipcontainer tipsubtitle{white-space:pre;color:#666}abottomtipcontainer{text-decoration:none}#tip-arrow,#tip-close{cursor:pointer;display:inline-block;height:20px;margin-left:20px;width:20px;vertical-align:middle}#tip-arrow{background:url(data:image/png;base64,ivborw0kggoaaaansuheugaaabqaaaaucamaaac6v+0/aaaav1bmveuaaabav78zmbmrqr8rnlgsnrkrmlarmlmtlrqsmrqrmbmpmletmrisl7mrmberl7ismlerl7epmleplraplreplrepl7epl7eplrepl7eplrepl7eplraaikmgaaaahxrstlmabaomeh0qlzm6pd4/qefcrvhvikhax9je5orr7ala94waaabesurbvbgztcfhaoageatbnitgzsl/3+l956pv/klnhwp6atr8v6jllfhrkao2puoeq8akqchqu8aaoscak0deh3j85qxdcgiznh7kewaaaabjru5erkjggg==) no-repeat center}#tip-close{background:url(/rs/3m/gi/ic/505f7581/a9913b9apng) no-repeat center}ftrh,ftrhd,ftrd>a,ftrd>div{white-space:nowrap;height:36px;line-height:36px;padding:0 16px}ftrd{max-height:216px;overflow:hidden;min-width:125px}amazonbackground{background:#f2f2f2 !important}ftrd>a,ftrd>div{display:block}ftrs ftrd{margin-right:10px}ftrsbr{position:absolute;top:0;right:0;height:;margin:5px 0;padding-right:3px}ftrb sw_ddbk{margin:2px 0 2px 7px}ftrb sw_tpcg,ftrb sw_tpcbl{margin:0 0 0 14px}ftrh,ftrhd,ftrb sw_ddbk,ftrb sw_tpcg,ftrb sw_tpcbl{display:inline-block;*display:inline;zoom:1}#b_tween aftrh{background:none !important;margin:1px;height:28px;line-height:28px}#b_tween aftrhb_selected{border-style:solid;border-width:1px;border-color:#e5e5e5;border-bottom-color:#fff;margin:0}divb_dropdown b_selected,#b_tween aftrhb_selected:hover{background:#f2f2f2 !important;border-bottom-color:#f2f2f2}z{a:1}b_captionb_snippetgobig p{font-size:16px;line-height:20px;color:#444}b_algob_algoborder{box-shadow:0 0 0 1px rgba(0,0,0,05),0 2px 3px 0 rgba(0,0,0,1)}#b_results>lib_algoborder{margin-top:8px}b_vlist>lib_annooverride{padding-bottom:0}z{a:1}irhc{padding:10px;background:#fff;border:1px solid #000;position:absolute;text-decoration:none;color:#000;z-index:4}irhc span{display:block;position:relative;margin-bottom:10px}irhc img{display:block;position:absolute;top:0}irhld{width:30px;height:30px;z-index:-1}irhcs span{display:block;width:;text-overflow:ellipsis;overflow:hidden;white-space:nowrap}irhcs1{font-weight:bold}irhcs2{color:#898994}irhcs3{color:#568e1a}div#irhcidirhins{padding:0;border:0;background:#fff;border-radius:4px;box-shadow:0 2px 4px 1px rgba(0,0,0,14);-moz-box-shadow:0 2px 4px 1px rgba(0,0,0,14);-webkit-box-shadow:0 2px 4px 1px rgba(0,0,0,14)}irhcirhins irhcs{padding:0 16px;margin:16px 0}irhcirhins img{border-radius:4px 4px 0 0}irhcirhins irhcs span{margin-bottom:0}irhcirhins spanirhcs3{color:#444;font-size:13px;line-height:17px}irhcirhins spanirhcs4{font-size:11px;line-height:13px;color:#767676}irpserp{margin-left:-1px}irpserpirpadt,irpserp irp{position:relative}irpserp irp a{position:absolute}irpserp irp a:focus{outline:1px solid #00a89d}irpserp irp a imgsgt{position:absolute;top:50%;-webkit-transform:translatey(-50%);transform:translatey(-50%);position:static\0;transform:none\0}b_top irphead{padding-bottom:8px}b_fbleedmodule b_rich{padding-bottom:0}#b_context b_fbleedmodule b_rich{padding-top:0}irpserp badge,irpserp mssf,irpserp msgf,irpserp badge_countwrapper{position:absolute;padding:0;color:#fff;font-size:11px;line-height:20px;height:20px;cursor:pointer;left:0;bottom:0;background:#000;background:rgba(0,0,0,7);overflow:hidden;white-space:nowrap}irpserp badge_count{height:20px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle}irpserp imgshop,irpserp imgshopbadge_count{padding:0;height:20px}irpserp imgrecipe,irpserp imgrecipebadge_count{padding:3px 4px 4px;height:13px}irpserp badge_count icon_text{padding-right:6px;font-size:11px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle}irpserp badge_count,irpserp badge_countwrapper{line-height:normal}irpserp pl{position:absolute;background:url('/sa/simg/mmpng') -88px 0;height:8px;width:7px;left:8px;bottom:7px;z-index:1}irpserp txtol,irpserp mssf{padding:0 4px}irpserp msgf{padding:0 8px 0 18px}irpserp adtrst{border-right:1px solid #fff}b_imagepair inner img,b_hlist img{display:block}b_imagepair>inner,b_hlist cico{padding-bottom:10px}b_title b_imagepair>inner,b_vlist>li>b_imagepair>inner,b_hlist b_imagepair>inner,b_vpanel>div>b_imagepair>inner,b_gridlist b_imagepair>inner,b_caption b_imagepair>inner,b_imagepair>inner>b_footnote,b_polecontent b_imagepair>inner{padding-bottom:0}b_imagepair>inner{float:left}b_imagepairreverse>inner{float:right}b_imagepair b_imagepair:last-child:after{clear:none}b_algo b_title b_imagepair{display:block}b_imagepairsquare_mi>inner,lisquare_mi{width:16px}b_imagepairsquare_mi{padding-left:26px}b_imagepairsquare_mi>inner{margin-left:-26px}b_imagepairsquare_mireverse{padding-left:0;padding-right:26px}b_imagepairsquare_mireverse>inner{margin-right:-26px}b_imagepairsquare_mititle>inner,b_imagepairsquare_mireversetitle>inner{margin-top:5px}#b_results b_ans b_rs h2,#b_results b_rs b_vlist2col li,#b_results b_rs b_vlist li{padding-bottom:16px}b_rs b_vlist2col ul:first-child{margin-right:40px}b_rs b_vlist2col ul:first-child{margin-right:80px}z{a:1}#b_context b_rrsr>b_vlist>li{padding-bottom:10px}a{a:1}a{a:1}z{a:1}#b_results h2 #kn_p,#b_results h3 #kn_p,#b_results h4 #kn_p{position:relative;display:inline}#b_pole #kn_p,b_ans #kn_p{display:none}#kn_a{color:#001ba0;font:14px arial;left:-20px;position:absolute;top:25%}b_title #kn_a,b_overflow #kn_a{left:-3px;position:relative}检测到您输入了英文,试试切换到国际版?搜英文结果更丰富更准确32,500 条结果时间不限 ore crusher 100 kg - good news bible college & …翻译此页manganese ore crusher 100 tonnes - sighriin (1 mtu – metric tonne unit – is equal to 10 kg) per year, depending the underground jaw crusher delivers 100 mm ore to …https:///translatorstnone crusher 100 kg - annapurnaenterprisein翻译此页home >> stnone crusher 100 kg stnone crusher 100 kg 150-200tph cobble crushing plant; andesite crushing plant in indonesia; copper ore crushing plant in chile; crushing plant in mali; granite crushing plant in sri lanka; laos iron ore processing plant; limestone and granite crush plant in iran; limestone crushing line in algeria https://annapurnaenterprisein/stnone+crusher+100+kg-30636htmlore crusher 100 kg - praharicoin翻译此页gasoline engine powered rock crusher - 911 metallurgist with a capacity of 200 pounds (100 kg) per hours, the 911mpejac34cg is a sturdy 200 lbs rock crushing machine, can stay in …praharicoin/2016-sun/ore-crusher-100-kghtmlore crusher 100 kg - k-consultingcoza翻译此页hammer crusher 30 kg - chemapancoza hammer crusher 30 kg « iron ore crusher equipment =200 =15 30-80 132 8650, professional lifetime 300 tonne stone hammer mill 100 kg per hour small stone wwwk-consultingcoza/16405_ore_crusher_100_kghtmlore crusher 100 kg - dojokunvdait翻译此页ore crusher 100 kggold mining tools and equipment in the 1800'swrite your name in the sand and shell freesteps involved in the extraction of ironstate the type use and location of mineral in nigeriais coal used in refining and smelting in indonesiawhat are the advantages and disadvantages of in pit crushingproduction and distribution of iron in the worldthe extraction of aluminum in south africachemical equations happening in the gold cyanidation processprices of sand and gravel per cu meter in the philssorting in the minerals industry past present and futureextraction and refining of lithium